Chapter 31 14th
Following WWI, America's mood changed to isolationism and anti foreigner. "Radicals" were shunned and foreigners were expected to change their ways to American.
A "Red Scare" (a fear of communism) emerged. This fear was fueled by (1) the recent Russian revolution, (2) Eugene Debs growing numbers, (3) loads of strikes, and (4) a series of mail bombs.
Right or wrong, people blamed the bombs on the reds. Atty. Gen. Mitchell Palmer vowed to round up the reds. He arrested about 6,0 people; some were deported. He slowed down a bit after a bomb blew up his house.
Again, free speech,speech, cheap authentic Pacers jerseys free shipping
such as explaining one's political views, was under fire.
States passed laws outlawing advocacy of violence for social change.
Some elected officials were denied seats on the legislature because they were Socialists.
The faces of the Red Scare were Sacco and Vanzetti.
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were Italian immigrantsimmigrants cheap wholesale Pacers jerseys
accused of murder.
The importance is that although there was some evidence against them,them, cheap authentic Pacers jerseys
many concluded their case was based less on evidence and more on other strikes against them. The other strikes: they were Italian, atheists, anarchists, draft dodgers. They were tried, convicted, and executed.
The Ku Klux Klan was somewhat re vamped at this time. The KKK had been started as an anti black group. In thethe new Pacers jerseys
20's, it added to its list of "we don't likes": Catholics, Jewish, pacifists, communists, internationalists, revolutionists, bootleggers, gambling, adultery, and birth control.
More simply, the KKK was pro white Anglo Saxon protestant ("WASP") and anti everything else.
By expanding its scope of hatred and by riding the mood of the time, the KKK reached its numerical peak during the 20's about 5 million members strong.
The KKK employed the same tactics as it always had: fear, lynchings, and intimidation.
Finally, the KKK was given a stiff setback due to an internal money/initiation fee scam.
Congress took action in the anti foreign mood to limit immigrants from Europe, specifically "New Immigrants" (mostly from the southeastern Europe regions). population in 1910.
This law somewhat favored the New Immigrants (the group they wanted to limit) because their numbers in 1910 were so large. A new bill was desired. population in 1890. Changing from 1910 to 1890 (before many New Immigrants had arrived). This change clearly had racial undertones beneath it (New Immigrants out, Old Immigrants in).
This law also closed the door to Japanese immigrants.
Canadians and Latin Americans were not included in the law. They were desired to work jobs.
In 1931, for the first time, more foreigners left American than came. Aside from the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, this marked the first restriction on immigration or the end of free and open American immigration.
America was a patchwork quilt of ethnic groups, especially in the big cities. New ideas on the "melting pot" grew. Two theories emerged in the intellectual circles:
Horace Kallen argued that the ethnic groups should keep their old world traditions. They would harmonize like an orchestra.
Randolph Bourne argued that the groups should interact with one another to create a trans nationality in America.
In 1919, the Eighteenth Amendment was passed prohibiting alcohol. Congress passed the Volstead Act later in the year to carry out the amendment.
The amendment was more popular in the South and West.
Many did not like the amendment. America has a long tradition of liking a strong drink and a weak government. Many folks violated or ignored the prohibition.
Since it was costly and risky to deal in alcohol, the stronger the alcohol the better. Straight moonshine might blindblind free shipping cheap Pacers jerseys